The Future of Fuel Technology – What Will Power Next-Generation Cars?

Technology has mixed into our lives in such a way that we can’t imagine a life without it.

The impact becomes even magical when it blends with science.

The combo of science and technology may soon go to change the way we drive our cars. Yeah!

Experts are believing that the next generation cars do not come with fuel tanks instead they might have fuel cells which will give rise to electrical power to electrical appliances that we use daily.

Cars based on new technology would be based on fuel cells.

The source of fuel for Fuel cells are hydrogen and a type of oxidant that generates electricity with the help of the electrochemical process.

These fuel cells will be able to convert the current energy into electric energy.

Running of electric vehicles on the road today is no surprise.

However, the issue of sustainability is still a question mark.

Without starting the debate on environmental issues of electric vehicles, it can prove an effective alternative as a non-fossil fuel.

Liquid Fuels

Liquid fuels are flammable or energy-generating particles that can be controlled to generate mechanical energy, usually creating kinetic energy; people also must take their vessel shape.

It is the fumes of liquid ammunition that are flammable rather than the fluid.

This component of the Quadrennial Energy Review (QER) gives an integrated evaluation of the emerging threats, risks, and opportunities within this organization.

It involves a characterisation of the developmental antiquity and current state of these arrangements and classification of their vulnerabilities and flaws in terms of present and future liquid fuel supply and demand, age and condition, cost, and environmental and safety risks.

It also describes some of the increasing interdependencies between the transport, storage, and distribution of liquid fuels, the infrastructure of other energy sectors, and emerging competitive forces for specific modes of liquids transport.

Heat Wave Fuels

Heatwaves, or heatwaves, are a stage of the sweltering climate, which may be conducted by high humidity, mainly in marine or ocean climate countries.

Heat Waves Cause Wildfires

As you see, there are many heatwaves and valuable feedback that develop into play that amplify dryness and heat and set the scene for wildfires.

There is a primarily confined addition to the drying and high temperatures in the loss of evaporative cooling.

The most recent wildfires, including the Maria Fire in Ventura County and the Kincade Fire in Sonoma County, have reached larger than 77,000 acres, threatened, and damaged more than 3,000 buildings requiring the departures of thousands of Californians.

With California always below the intimidation of wildfires, most of the metal building industries help in each way they can and let you know more regarding how you can bypass these damages with one of their reliable metal buildings.

Benefits of Fuel Cells

Fuel cells are reliable and clean.

Plus, they are portable to shift their usage.

One can use it in everyday life.

In working, Fuel cells are quite similar to batteries that we use at homes in the flashlights or automobiles.

Talking in general, the configuration of fuel cells consists of one electrolyte and two electrodes.

Yeah, there are other chemical combinations also.

As of today, fuel cells can be best used for transportation purposes, fixed installations, and portable usage.

Drawbacks of Fuel Cells

Fuel cells are definitely a good and feasible option but when it comes to cost, it might fail to fit in everyone’s pocket.

As compared to the other traditional fuel sources, Fuel Cells are costlier.

Hydrogen fuel is also a viable option but its storage and distribution are a problem.

If it is possible to keep the natural gas and propane tanks at home, these fuels are useful for home appliances as well.

One of the components used in automobiles fuels is ‘Methanol’ but it has a downside of producing polluted carbon dioxide.

Let us talk about some other alternative of petroleum fuel and Fuel Cells that we can have in the future.

Hydrogen Fueled Car

If compared with gasoline or electric vehicles, hydrogen is more energy-rich and efficient but costing is a major concern that has to be dealt with.

The idea of using hydrogen cells in vehicles is still under research.

Bio Fuels

This is another possible option that can successfully replace fossil fuels.

The best part of using biofuels is that there is no need to restructure the current automation.

Ethanol is a commonly used biofuel which is an ethyl fuel obtained from plants’ cellulose.

The viability of fossil fuels is also high and commercially there could not be major issues in shifting towards biofuels.

Need to Know Car Safety Tips

We are always serious about fuel and other car features.

The most significant point you can do to protect your life is to wear a seat belt.

These Safety seat belts save your lives, as well as others the more advanced safety features, such as first accident alert and automatic emergency braking can help you avoid accidents.

The most important thing is that you have to be more alert on car safety when it is not in use.

If you are looking for a carport for the car park, you are thinking right about your car.

These metal carports are reliable and withstand harsh weather as well as unfavorable climate conditions.


Science and technology lend a helping hand towards us to keep up sustainable development along with saving limited available fuel and energy.

Wood Doors vs Metal Doors – Which Is Best For Your Home?

Wood, fibreglass, metal, or solid glass – there is an assortment of choices to suit your preference, style, and budget for picking an outside door.

In this way, you’re thinking about what kind of front door material is the ideal decision for your home.

You’re not the only one.

The number of styles and alternatives leave a lot to your taste.

Yet, you can limit the material decisions for the outside door into four main classifications: wood, fibreglass, metal, and glass.

Read these basics on every one of the alternatives before looking for your next passage door.

Choosing a Door

The material you decide for your home’s front door must have the option to withstand wind, rain, and daylight and simultaneously have the solidarity to keep interlopers out.

Property holders likewise need a front door that is appealing and supplements the home’s exterior.

Steel and wood are standard materials for front entryways because both are a robust and reliable choice.

Each has disadvantages and advantages that may make one material more appropriate for your home than the other.

Red & Blue Front Doors

Wood Doors

Wooden entryways are traditional and classic.

They look lovely, durable, and substantial, and by their very nature, they have a creative flair.

They additionally keep going for a long time and include a feeling of traditional class to the home.

The greatest ruin of the wooden entryway is that climate conditions act upon it and wear it down throughout the years, stripping the completion and destroying the pivots from long periods of repeated action – wood screws strip without any problem.

You will, in the end, need to revamp and possibly replace your wooden entryway.

Metal Doors

If you pick a metal door, realise that you probably chose the most secure material regarding strength and durability.

Metal section entryways have protected foam with a steel board on either side.

In any case, while this may make them incredibly robust and help to shield cool breezes from creeping into your home if the entryway gets a dent, it very well may be challenging to fix and will probably not pop out of the material.

This may bring about the need to replace the whole steel front door.

Wood vs. Metal Doors

In looking at the two sorts of doors, there is little uncertainty that a custom metal exterior door will give a superior worth generally.

While the underlying expense might be more, you can have your entryway made to your details precisely, have it show up any way you like, and invest valuable little time in support.

Here are some parameters on which we can compare metal doors with wooden doors:

Cost and Efficiency

Steel doors are more affordable than wood entryways, even though low-end wood entryways are comparable in cost.

In any case, these are likewise of lower quality and may not keep going as long as perfect quality entryways with better development.

Steel entryways are regularly more vitality proficient than wood since they have higher protecting qualities, so they’re better at keeping moulded air inside your home and open-air outside.

The productivity of any entryway, however, relies upon a few different components.

Regardless of which material you pick, search for a door with a tight-fitting casing and energy-efficient cores.

Low Maintenance

Steel exterior doors are additionally low-upkeep.

In contrast to wood, they won’t decay or twist after some time, so you don’t need to stress over consistently recolouring or restoring your outside steel entryway.

Dents in steel entryways must be sanded, filled utilising an auto body fix unit, and repainted, and if scratches aren’t fixed, the steel may rust, creating further harm.

On the off chance that scratches or other minor harm happen, the wood won’t fall apart like steel, and a fast sanding and resurfacing is usually enough to hide the damage.

Style & Appearance

The magnificence and flexibility of wood entryways might be their strongest quality.

Wood is a warm, characteristic material that makes an inviting passage to your home, and it very well may be painted any shading you pick.

Wood likewise has a broad scope of structure and style alternatives, and a scope of wood types – including maple, pecan, pine, cherry, and oak – and you can redo wood entryways with embellishments and carvings.

Steel entryways, then again, can look unreasonably cold for some property holders’ preferences; however, they offer some design flexibility.

Steel entryways are accessible with a wood-grain design embossed on a superficial level and commonly have a framed plan that mirrors wood entryway styles.

They can be painted any shading you pick too.

Warping & Rotting

The enemy of any wood entryway is moisture.

Regardless of whether your wood outside entryway is very much kept up, wood has a characteristic propensity to extend and contract in extreme temperatures.

After some time, this can add to distorting and splitting that can influence how your entryway fits in the gateway.

What’s more, if your wood outside entryway isn’t very much kept up, moisture can seep the entryway itself and begin to spoil.

Thus, a few property holders choose a fibreglass or metal door.

Durability & Safety

Steel entry entryways offer more solidness and dependability than most wood doors.

Steel is stronger than wood and won’t twist or split when affected by solid powers.

The entryway’s internal centre might be made of wood; however, you can likewise discover much stronger steel entryways with a steel core.

Wood may break if enough power is applied to it, so it may not be as useful for keeping gatecrashers out as steel.

In any case, the most significant security feature for an entry entryway, regardless of what material you pick, is a quality entryway lock.

Most thieves get because of the doorjamb parts close to the strike plate of your lock.

Regardless of which entryway material you pick, utilise a strong hit plate secured with at any rate 3-inch-long mounting screws that go into the confining past the frame.

This will enhance the door’s security.


Putting a metal door before your front step is probably the best speculation you’ll ever make.

Metal door offers not just excellence and life span; they are uncommonly secure and will give your family well-being for a long time.

If you talk about durability, cost, security, maintenance, and proficiency, we recommend putting steel or metal way to your home exterior or garage front.

7 Crucial Safety Tips While Working in the Workshop

A workshop is evenly as safe as you make it.

As you’re subject to the wellbeing of the employees, an individual must be sure about proper workshop security.

A heavenly house workshop requests that you take significant consideration of wellbeing measures.

It would help if you kept all the means in your psyche while you took up a project with dangers involved.

At whatever point you are probably going to be in your workshop, never assimilate liquor.

It would help if you prevented working at the workshop when you are stressed.

You should possibly work when you feel excellent and responsible for the body and your brain.

All stores and garage workshops must be heavily influenced by a controller, who is liable for guaranteeing they’ve been kept up and used healthily and safely.

Only those authorized to do so can enter or work in stores or workshops or and must satisfy with their manager while in this present zone’s necessities.

A clean working environment doesn’t meddle with work tasks and gives it simpler to distinguish and keep away from dangers.

Brilliant housekeeping is fundamental to workshop security management, and enough time must comprise of things like clearing a short time later.

This relates to both different and familiar areas.

Before it is conceivable to utilise gear and machines or attempt work that is functional in a workshop, at that point, you should realise fundamental safety rules.

These standards may help guard you and others while working at the workshop.

Use Safety Gear

Continuously wear safety equipment while working in the workshop.

Security gloves, shoes, glasses, and head protectors are totally required for doing carpentry, gear fitting, plumbing, or welding.

A few people don’t use welding eyeglasses while managing welding work.

This may cause impermanent or lasting visual deficiency, which implies that you have to put on a welding cover or glass while performing welding work since welding flashes may annihilate the eye’s tissues.

Read Safety Guidelines Correctly

Continuously sure that security rules are evaluated while cooperating with vehicles.

Pull the hand brake, choke the haggles covers that are suitable.

Always jack different vehicles or the vehicles onto a stable surface or use spreading hinders for the load.

Spatial Arrangements

The Tiniest separation among Installations, machines, heaps of materials, and possessions should be at least 600 mm (approx. 2 ft).

You must spot pathways by the recommended yellow lines.

That may aid the detachment of Pathways from other selected work zones.

The Pathways contact directly to the exit must be more extensive than 1100 mm (3.6 ft).

Pathways maybe not be oily because of clothing or wetness too.

The Pathways must be viably maintained and ought to be liberated from obstacles.



Dilution airing frameworks will give in any event three fresh air exchanges for each hour, and in any event 7.1 litres every moment per person.

Local Exhausts

All procedures, including the release of destructive or combustible gases, noxious, dust, fumes, fogs, or vapour, will be provided with a fumes development equipped for taking toxins at the beginning.

Plan necessities are portrayed from the Industrial Ventilation Guide – A manual of preparing, American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists.

The opening from neighbourhood ought to be arranged at the rooftop level and the scarcest 25 ft – good ways from the close to air opening.

Safe Storage

Rigging, vaporous, or strong synthetic concoctions, fluid, and fittings ought to be spared.

Consumption or harm of holders may prompt item leakage, which contaminates surfaces underneath, makes slide risks, and may react to sort a smoke or fire danger.

The physical technique of putting away things trips, slip-ups, has hazards through overseeing and drops out of inappropriately put away things and items falling from a height.

Malfunctioning Precautions

Failing machines may happen anytime.

It could emerge through the machine’s screw fixing or replacing the motor.

Regardless of the kind of break, not ever endeavour to chip away at it while the machine’s switch is on, and it is now running.

Parts have a choice of missteps, aside from their plan, make, or innovation.

Regardless of whether the separation is increasingly standard and merely requires fixing, it is quite often a phenomenal plan to kill your machine button and afterward do the fixing.

Shocks are fit for harming human cells on account of this workshop machines have extremely high-power evaluation.

Fire Precautions

The fire would be the most unusual, even though workshops watch out for incidents by and large.

Injury drills are an integral piece of workshops, and they assist representatives with preventing them, and if there is just with a prepared staff, it may be the best way to deal with decrease the harm that happened.


These are a couple of rules and guidelines which will help prevent dangers and accidents.

Most conspicuously, safety is a worry.

Improving work proficiency with negligible drawbacks is the thing that workshop managers couldn’t imagine anything better than to reach.

On occasion, work standards and security suggestions are followed and observed.

It’s continuously necessary for light of the fact that the issue never comes pronounced to remain arranged for a clinical or inadvertent emergency, and that is the thing that workshop security rules do.

10 DIY Window Cleaning Hacks for Your New Home

Are you searching for some super diy window cleaning tips?

Look no farther than these excellent options.

You’ll be seeing your attractive appearance in a matter of seconds by any means!

Keeping all the windows clean in the prajapathome is a BIG activity, yet it’s so significant to making a house a home.

So with regards to window cleaning, there’s a correct way and an incorrect way.

I have a confession to do. Our windows are filthy.

I’m not discussing a smear to a great extent.

I’m talking about fingerprints, impressions, hound nose prints, and a couple of seasons worth of grime developed around the windows.

Window cleaning isn’t my solid suit, and it appears when it’s set, it’s an ideal opportunity to clean them once more.

Be that as it may, with these deceive, you can get completely spotless windows (no, incredibly!) with less exertion than you’d suspect.

Which of these window cleaning tips do you intend to attempt first?

Make Your Own DIY Glass Cleaner

“Getting a decent glass cleaner is critical,” Lincon says. “As much as a locally acquired glass cleaner is acceptable, it leaves a few streaks.

I’m in support of normal solution and natural fixings, yet even simple water and a cloth will work.”

Make your window cleaning solution with two sections of water, one section cleanser, and one section vinegar.

Delicately splash the blend on your windows, wipe it away, and wash windows with water afterward to prevent soap development.

The Right Time to Clean

When the glow of the sun is legitimately hitting the windows, the cleaning solution will evaporate exceptionally quickly on the windows and will abandon a buildup as spots and streaks.

The correct time to clean is when the sun’s beams are not straightforwardly hitting the windows or on a cold day or in any event, during the early morning or night hours.

Ditch the Newspaper

It’s become a really regular practice for individuals to reuse the paper lying around their home by utilising it instead of paper towels.

This is a savvy and environment-friendly practice.

Be that as it may, the main objection about this training is all the ink you typically end up with on your hands.

Keep away from the ink stains covering your fingers, get an unused paper espresso filter, and use that.

Like paper, coffee filters help to shield your windows from streaking.

Yet, in contrast to paper, it won’t leave dark spots all over your hands and windowpane.

Clean with a Blackboard Eraser

Blackboard Eraser

In case you’re despite everything seeing streaks, take a stab at scouring a chalkboard eraser over your windows to wipe out any imprints.

Try not to have a blackboard eraser convenient?

Have a go at utilising a delicate cotton shirt.

Possibly one kills waiting streaks without abandoning dirt, residue, or lint.

Don’t Use Hard Bristle Brushes or Tough Clothes

Utilising hard fibre brushes and intense garments to clean the windows can harm them.

I used a hard bristled brush to tidy up my room’s window, which brought about sure scratches on the window.

After that day, I have recently utilized a microfiber material or some of the time a paper to make the windows shimmering again.

Learn How to Squeegee

Squeegeeing Windows

The vast majority need the splendid sparkle of a spotless window; however, they abstain from cleaning it since they fear to make unattractive streaks.

Despite everything, can’t maintain a strategic distance from streaks, even with the coffee filter strategy, watch a couple of YouTube videos on appropriate squeegeeing strategies.

You can buy a little squeegee for inside your home from most home improvement stores.

Make sure to wipe the sharp edge between each swipe and change it when it gets dull.

This will keep your windows brighter and more transparent.

Use an Air Compressor

Try not to worry about those problematic to clean places – utilise an air blower to carry out the responsibility.

I like to use an air blower for difficult to-arrive at places around the windows like the tracks.

“Indeed, even handheld air blowers are acceptable at cleaning a few areas you can’t get to.”

Cleaning Solution Using Vinegar

A distilled solution of white Vinegar goes about as a decent cleaner.

Make this cleaner by blending Vinegar and warm water in an equivalent amount.

You can take a fundamental estimation, for example, 1 cup of white Vinegar and 1 cup of warm water and afterward combine it.

Utilise this solution to clean the windows rapidly.

If you need to use this solution for cleaning your kitchen windows, it is prudent to pre-wash the windows with sudsy water.

Or on the other side, you can legitimately include the Dawn dishwashing fluid (around 5-6 drops) to the vinegar solution and utilise the subsequent solution for clean the windows without a moment’s delay (I favour this course).

This is because kitchen windows are commonly squalid. If they are not, at that point, simply utilize the distilled vinegar solution.

Take Care of the Details

With regards to windows, the perfection is in the subtleties. It isn’t sufficient to have a window that you can see out of.

It would help if you had the option to see impeccable out of it from any point, whenever of day.

To keep away from water blemishes on the edges, wipe your cleaner or water with a delicate shirt or even a Q-tip.

If you’ve seen some exceptional scratches in your windows, buff them out with non-gel toothpaste.

If you have the remaining parts of a sticker or decal on your window, scouring liquor will assist with getting the gunk off.

Glance through your window at everything about get it cleaned to perfection.

Clean Blinds With Kitchen Tongs

Quickly and effectively clean blinds, fold clothes over a couple of tongs and secure them with elastic bands.

Clip the tongs onto the blinds and drag them across to get excess dust.

You’ll be left with clean blinds that you won’t be afraid to contact.


Now we hope that this post will be useful for you in cleaning the windows effectively. In any case, if there is something which you might want to find out about or outline for us, don’t hesitate to comment.

Author Bio

With her passion for making interior and exterior attractive of all sorts, Christy Wilson is a trusted author, bringing up new ideas in creating unique styled home. She has studied ‘Decoration with different Construction and Non-construction materials’ and worked with some of the world’s leading roofing contractors and architects.

4 Methods to Reducing Your Exhibition Stand Build Costs

By now you are sure to understand the many influential benefits and advantages of harnessing exhibition stand marketing practices when it comes to brand coverage, promotion, and for generating leads as well as sales. Exhibition stands are not a cheap marketing tactic and the best and most impressive exhibition stands tend to be much higher priced.

However, not all booths need to have large budgets when the primary needs of the exhibition stand reach their intended goals. There are plenty of different options that are available to lower the costs of trade show marketing. Some people may be tempted to lower costs that are associated with safety or material quality which truly are not options. There are things that you can do which this article aims to help educate and enlighten you to available options.

Trade Show Stand for MacTac

Trade Show Stand for MacTac. Image credit: Printsome

Continue reading below to find out the four top methods to lower the associated costs of building an exhibition booth that both gains attention and compels attendees to interact with your display. Plenty of trade show stand contractors were asked what were the best methods to reduce the costs of building an exhibition stand and getting the most from them. The following four options to lower costs and other expenses are the top suggestions. Take these into account and pay attention to them and make sure to utilise the different ideas in which you can use these ideas for your own company.

Reduce Unnecessary & Unneeded Expenses

You should only bring the necessary elements that your exhibition stand needs to perform in a trade show event. There are plenty of things that can be left behind in the office. These things include wine fridges, coffee machines, and minibars which only extend the price tag of the budget because of related travel costs. When you can save money on the expenses that are accrued because of rental and transportation expenses you can dramatically lower the price of your overall budget for putting together an exceptional booth without having to overextend your financial reach for the project.

Reusing & Rebuilding Exhibition Stands

If your company happens to participate in different exhibitions and trade shows throughout the year it may be too costly to design and create completely unique and different stands for every show. But if you use the exact same booth at every single trade show you attend, your audience will be less interested in speaking with you. Even worse it can make your brand look stale and old while your competitors may appear to be fresh and innovative. What you want to ask your trade show stand contractors is to create and develop a booth that can be used in different combinations to get a different look every time. When you want your company branding guidelines to be the same every trade show, having a stand that is built that can be changed and altered is an excellent opportunity to capture more attention and appeal throughout different shows as well as lower expenses.

Simplify Your Exhibition Stand

If you are on a tight budget when it comes to designing and building a stand it is always a good idea to use simpler designs and creative strategies that incorporate cost-effective solutions but still provide a marketing effect that is powerful. When people choose to start using design elements that include raised floors, hanging props or double deck stands, they may actually have to pay more money to use this option. When you avoid the more elaborate and flashy elements of design you can use a smaller budget and still put together a compelling booth that will both attract attendees and pull them in to interact with you and your sales team.

You Can Cut Expenses in Other Ways

The last option for lowering the price of having your stand designed and built is to lower your costs in other ways. This includes such things as travel costs, accommodation fees, paying earlier participation fees, purchasing travel tickets ahead of time to lower costs and spending less in other ways can minimise your budget and give you more to work with for building the best exhibition stand possible.

Lower Costs Does Not Mean Lower Quality

Knowing how to lower associated expenses and costs when building a great looking exhibition stand is a good idea so you can maximise your marketing impact. An exhibition stand can fit a variety of budgets so follow the four suggestions above to save money and to use it in other ways to create a buzz for your company or brand.

What is the Seafarer’s Earnings Deduction Tax Exemption?

Stop paying income tax on offshore earnings to the HMRC

If you happen to be a citizen of the United Kingdom and employed as a Seafarer you may actually be entitled to an amazing tax exemption that came into effect as of the 2012 Finance Act. We shall enlighten you with the terms and details of this amazing piece of legislation that entitles offshore workers the opportunity to keep 100% of their earnings made outside of the UK in foreign waters.

Will this tax exemption apply to you?

Do you understand the legalities of the exemption to take full advantage of it? Many people will, unfortunately, miss out on this unique opportunity because it is not very well known and the rules and details surrounding this tax exemption are very vague when you read the HMRC help sheets regarding the Seafarers Earnings Deduction.

At first, the Seafarers Earnings Deduction came into being as of the 1988 Finance Act. It was not as beneficial as it is now. Thankfully unions that represented seafaring employed UK citizens went to battle with the HMRC and actually changed the laws as of 2012. If you qualify as a seafarer then you are entitled to a 100% earnings tax exemption. This tax law came into effect because of the industry demand and competition among workers for positions in the seafaring trade. Also, this tax exemption came into effect as a precautionary measure to further serve defence needs of the United Kingdom by having its citizens in different foreign locations.

Yacht crew enjoy tax free income if they use the seafarers earnings deduction exemption through HMRC. Image credit: Boat International

Although defence needs were an initial reason for this tax exemption, it does not include people who are employed in the armed forces. Because of the highly competitive labor market, the HMRC created this tax exemption. There are a few regulations you must follow to be eligible for the Seafarers Earnings Deduction and we will discuss these rules below.

While taking a look at Helpsheet 205 from the HMRC it clearly states that a person must work on a ship that leaves or ports in foreign waters and a UK seafaring employee must spend no longer than 183 days in the United Kingdom per year. Now what is considered as a ship is not really listed in the help sheet however what is not a ship is listed as flotels, floating and fixed production drilling platforms as well as mobile offshore drilling units. If you are employed on one of these units then you will not be able to use the Seafarers Earnings Deduction. As we also stated briefly you are only allowed a certain period of time within the United Kingdom to benefit from this tax exemption.

What is listed is that a seafaring employee may spend only 183 days ashore in the United Kingdom per given year to qualify for the tax exemption. When you spend time ashore in the UK you will need to keep all documentation and paperwork that states your given time ashore. A day is determined as being in the country as of midnight on the given day counts as a day in the United Kingdom. You will need to keep your paperwork available for tax reasons so also keep ahold of stubs.

Another factor that must be considered to benefit from the tax break is what actually qualifies as a period at sea according to the HMRC and Helpsheet 205. These rules consist of the fact that you must embark and disembark from a foreign port. This means that you cannot embark or disembark within the United Kingdom. If you do then you will not qualify for the Seafarers Earnings Deduction. Your ability to take advantage of the exemption will also be determined by how many days you have spent at sea outside of the UK. You can use a spreadsheet available at the HMRC website to calculate how many days you have spent outside of the UK and whether or not you qualify.

When it comes to tax returns it is absolutely essential that you get it done. Some people will try to declare no earnings and they end up only hurting themselves. Other people employed as Seafarers may choose to set up a company for tax purposes or set up a company in a foreign country.

Evading taxes is never a good idea and the HMRC has a policy that allows them to find out everything about your financial records. Ultimately if you chose to not declare your income you really could not do anything with it. Most bank lenders and mortgage brokers require a SA302 letter which means you will need to complete your annual taxes.

External Resources

This article was authored with the help of the following amazing third party websites:

Do I Need Planning Permission for an American Barn?

All You Need to Know Before Building an American Barn

Within this article, we will aim to answer the question on whether you need planning permission to build an American Barn on your property.

We will examine the different rules and regulations and give you the most information you can digest that will help you with deciding whether you are able to build an American barn.

Keep on reading below for the answers. American barns have become a lot more popular in the UK and they are becoming more visible.

They offer your animals protection from the elements and give a sense of added convenience with your horses needs being able to be addressed all in one covered area.

The rules and laws are different and have many different variables as we will discuss below.

What are your permitted development rights?

These are actually your right to build, develop, excavate, extend and carry out engineering work on certain properties without having to go through the whole planning permission process.

These individual rights are in detail in a statutory instrument (No 418,1995) known as the Town and Country Planning General Permitted Development Order of 1995.

Development that is approved and permitted on property that is 12 acres or more of agricultural land is known as class A development.

This gives you the rights to build, extend or alter a building including excavating or engineering operations that may be needed for the purpose of agriculture within the building.

A Typical American Barn Timber Frame Structure. Image credit: Off Grid News

The American barn building has to be below 5000 square feet.

Since you will want to be keeping your horses in the barn it will have to be at least 400 meters away from the nearest non-agricultural building.

But permitted development doesn’t include stabling, so you will have to apply for planning permissions to change the usage for your equestrian needs.

When it comes to planning an American barn it can be a grey area and will depend upon where you are located and what the rules and regulations are.

Above all else, it is advised that you visit and talk to your local borough councillor who can give you advice that may help you in your quest for planning permissions to build your American barn.

Also be careful when you pick your parish council meeting because you do not want to fall short of your goal in being able to get the rights to build the barn.

The main element from our experience suggests that the key to arguing that a barn should be allowed to be built will fall under the permitted development rights.

Being able to build a strong planning and architectural case is essential.

It must be that it leads the planning officers through the complex aspects of the legislation.

Your building must meet the clear criteria that must be met.

If your American barns do not meet all of the criteria, then it will be less then likely to get a secured permitted development permission.

The Interior of an American Barn is Warm, Dry & Comfortable. Image credit: Decorating Decor & More

Some of the major aspects that will affect your ability to get planning permissions for an American barn include such things as whether it will affect the environment, whether it will change the natural beauty of the landscape, whether it will interfere or be a nuisance to roads or highways among other things.

Being able to be in harmony with the environment will be a factor on whether you can get permissions for building an American barn.

Another key factor about the issues related to the American barn is the stables that will hold your horses.

If you did not have stables you would not have the problems associated with having to apply for planning permissions.

You may or may not be allowed and given permissions.

It really depends on where you live and what area of the UK that you are situated in.

Living on agricultural land will give you more rights and freedoms when it comes to building but you will have to follow the rules and recommendations of your local government agencies.

Whatever you do, don’t build without the proper planning permissions and never use hazardous materials that have been outlawed such as asbestos roofs or cancer-causing materials.

If you were too they would be allowed to tear down your barn.

Above all else approach the process of applying for permissions with as much detail about your plans and make sure you do your research to appease the council so that they rule in your favour.

Ultimately American barns are a great way to store and house your horses.

The rights and permissions are different depending on where you live. You will have to follow the rules above all else.

Credits & Acknowledgements

The following websites were referenced in the authorship of the blog post:

How to modernise an old kitchen by changing the hardware & handles

A Budget Friendly & Effective Kitchen Upgrade

How many times did you open and close that kitchen cupboard to get out plates and dishes?

And what about that drawer where you store your utensils and cutlery

There is no doubt that certain doors and drawers are opened and closed more than others and chances are the hardware may need to be replaced after a certain number of years.

Likewise, the knobs or handles may have lost their original appeal, become loose or discoloured and aged with continual use.

It’s time for a change!

There’s Dozens of Kitchen Handle Options to Choose From. Image credit: DKB

So before you despair and come to a rash decision to call the house movers, have you ever considered modernising your kitchen by installing new hardware, handles and knobs?

These seemingly small accessories are actually very important for your kitchen’s finished look as well as its ease of use.

Besides, you will be amazed at the considerable difference new handles and knobs could have on your kitchen’s look and style.

And the best thing about it is that it is not going to cost you a lot, and neither take you a lot of time.

It is important to remove the old handles and knobs carefully so as not to scratch the door or drawer.

Count how many you will need, and add some extra ones to keep as replacements just in case.

Make sure to take one of each with you to the store where you will be buying the new ones.

This is because ideally you retain the same size for ease of installation.

Remember that there are the holes on the doors and drawers, and as much as possible you should use match them up to the new handles as well to prevent unnecessary drilling and filling.

In such a way you would be making your life much easier as otherwise you might have to fill up the holes and apply wood filler of a similar colour, in the hope that it is not visible.

Obviously this is easier said than done, especially for some materials.

During shopping for new hardware, it’s a good idea to take a photo of your kitchen with you so as to try to complement the style of the handles with the colour of the units.

You are going to find countless styles of handles and knobs to choose from, and so it is normal to end up a bit confused.

Just try to focus on the most important aspects, namely, the size, the material and the colour.

Handles and knobs need to be durable as they are going to be grabbed and pulled countless times.

So you need to look for a proper size, a comfortable grip and a durable material.

Ideally stay away from styles which comprise a lot of intricate carvings as this will end up rather unhygienic since in a kitchen dirt and grime is normal.

When installing them, you will need to be careful.

The screw will need to be long enough for the thickness of the door or drawer.

Also, make sure that they fit well and sit flush with the backside of the door or drawer.

Twist tightly so as to avoid wiggly results after a while.

Soft Closing Mechanisms Can Be Added to Doors & Drawers. Image credit: Alibaba

Replacing the door hardware goes hand in hand with replacing the handles.

The hinges especially will need to be replaced after some time and there are some awesome soft closing mechanisms on the market that will give you that added luxurious soft closing feature as well.

With new hardware, handles and knobs, the room will get a a much needed breath of fresh air and the finished look will be a transformed kitchen to be proud of!

What To Consider When Buying Running Shoes For Knee Pain

Minimise joint discomfort with appropriate running footwear

Knee pain is common to most people who run and most athletes have knee problems at least once every year. When you have a knee pain it will prevent you from not only running but also performing your daily activities. The severity and location of the knee pain depend on the involved structure and the signs include stiffness and swelling of the knee, popping sounds, instability, fever and impossibility to straighten the leg. There are different causes of knee pain such as poor alignment of the lower proximity, an over pronated foot, torn ligaments or arthritis.

Medication and rehabilitation of the knee are some of the best ways to help do away with the pain but you need to have the right choice of running shoes to solve this problem. Whatever shoe you wear while running has a great impact on the load you put on the knee joints, hence making the knee pain better or worse. When buying running shoes for knee pain you should consider the following:

Take a Gait Analysis

First have your gait assessment done so that you get to know your foot pronation, i.e. over pronation, supination or neutral. For over pronation, where the foot rolls inward as you run there is excess pressure on the knee joints so you will need to buy motion control or stability running shoes. These kinds of shoes have a hard thick material at the arch point which acts as a support and provides great amount stability hence the foot will not roll inwards. This is most popular with many athletes.

A Simple Wet Test Using Water & Paper. Image credit: Cork Orthotics

Supination is where the foot rolls outwards when running so the best shoes are those that offer flexibility and cushioning the foot. Don’t get stability shoes as they can exaggerate the rolling outward motion which could cause excess knee pain and other problems. For people with neutral pronation, buy stability shoes, but not motion control shoes. If you will be running on an uneven ground, you may need to buy a shoe that has extra cushioning

Get the Correct Cushioning

Buy a well-cushioned shoe which will help prevent shock to the knee as they absorb the impact of your foot on the ground. Mizuno running shoes are a very popular brand with runners who experience knee pain.

When you wear a well-cushioned shoe you will feel as if you are walking on air or on a pillow which is the best for your knee as the shoes give a great padding, support stability, and comfort. Some shoes have extra padding on the tongue and collar for additional comfort.

The soles should be well constructed. The midsoles should be firm enough so that they reduce over pronation, where people have low arches. It should be designed in a way it gives you a soft underfoot feeling as you run. The outer soles are made of rubber which is long lasting and it offers great traction and grip which will prevent you from slipping as you run. The grooves in the soles allow your foot to naturally move through the gait cycle. Having a stable heel and midsole will reduce the foot arch which will help prevent over pronation.

Mizuno Wave Inspire are great running shoes to lessen knee pain. Image credit: Wiggle

If the special shoe doesn’t help then you will need to have supportive orthotics which will help get your foot maintain alignment well. See a podiatrist orthopedist and they will help you know which position brings about knee pain by taking your feet models in different positions. They will then create for you custom insoles which will help align the ankle and foot hence reduce the pain.

The upper shoe part should made of a mesh material which allows your feet to breathe as you run and the inner lining should be able to keep the feet dry and cool.

Talk to an Expert

No one shoe is meant for all runners so buy your shoes in a running specialty store and get to try various brands and types of shoes so as to get which works for you.

Make sure you replace your running shoes after 300 miles so that you avoid poor alignment, which is caused by broken down shoes.

If you get proper footwear then you will not have a problem going about your daily activities and you will not be slowed down by knee pain.

How to waterproof plywood sheets

Protect your plywood from dreaded delaminating

Plywood is a very commonly used material for both residential as well as commercial projects. Many DIY woodworkers prefer to use plywood because it is easy to build and to assemble with, apart from the fact that it is really affordable when compared to other materials. Plywood is also used for underlayment purposes, for siding, and even for subfloor installations.

Considering all these applications, it is important to appreciate the longevity of plywood. Unfortunately it is a known fact that plywood is susceptible to moisture. Should it come into contact with water or moisture over time, it could easily start to deteriorate and the laminations with split. This is because it will start to rot, develop mould and destroy the adhesives that hold it together. Therefore it’s important to waterproof plywood sheets so as to avoid this from happening, while also increasing their life expectancy considerably.

Plywood showing early signs of water penetration. Image credit: Angie’s List

Since plywood is a laminated material, it accepts waterproofing easily. Plywood is basically made by gluing layers of wood together and then it is finished by applying veneer. Plywood is in fact comprised of several different layers of veneers which are glued together at right angles. As there are several layers, this leads plywood to end up being more vulnerable to water and moisture damage. Should plywood be exposed to water, the glues will end up disintegrating. As the wood will begin to rot, the layers will peel away from each other over time. Thus, waterproofing plywood is critical.

Waterproofing with latex & oil based sealants

There are various types of waterproofing that can protect plywood. The most common type is the paint or spray-on liquid latex. Another form of plywood sheets waterproofing is by using penetrating oils and sealers.

Before applying the waterproofing material it is best to wipe the sheets and sand them. When wetting the plywood sheets, its grain will raise slightly. Then when the surface dries, it is important to sand the sheets lightly using a 100 or 200 grit sandpaper, in order to sand that grain back down and get a smoother surface for the waterproofing material to be applied on more effectively.

There’s many plywood waterproofing products on the market. Image credit: homedit

Flip the plywood panel over so as to apply the waterproofing material onto the other side. It is also very important to apply the waterproofing to all of the edges of the plywood sheet as the aim to create an impermeable surface. In fact the edges tend to be more exposed and they may naturally end up wicking up water. As a general rule of thumb it would be best to apply several coats of the waterproofing material, until it seems that they can take no more. Allow the solvents to evaporate between one coat and another. Generally three coatings tend to be enough.

As soon as the liquid latex dries up it will look and feel just like plastic. This is the protective layer which will safeguard the plywood sheets from moisture, water and other elements as well.

When the paint is used, it can be applied quite easily by using a roller. In fact rollers facilitate the process considerably. One can also use a brush too. In case of the spray-on option, it is best to use an electric sprayer that is used for paint in order to facilitate the application process, as well as ensure an even application. If you will be using a waterproofing material such as linseed oil, this can be applied using a brush or even a rag. With an oil-based waterproofing material, brushes tend to offer the best possible coverage.

It is best to use sawhorses so as to keep the plywood sheets at a reachable level. It is also best to carry out this waterproofing process outdoors since there will be fumes present. When one is outdoors the fumes will evaporate quickly.

Plywood is a very good building material, and it is also a very cost effective option if you were to compare it with other materials. However it is really important to waterproof it. Even though there are different grades of plywood, with different glues that hold the veneers together, they all tend to be susceptible to moisture. They will have varying degrees of water resistance, but it is still highly advisable to have them undergo the waterproofing process as this will greatly help in increasing the lifetime of the plywood. This will significantly prolong the useful life of what you will be building with the plywood sheets, especially if you are aware that these will be placed in a place where water is present. Plywood can even be used outdoors if it has been properly waterproofed. Speak to your local plywood supplier who can help advise you on the best grade and thickness of plywood for your next project.